Dengue Fever is also known as Breakbone Fever and mostly occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is a mosquito-borne infection caused by four different viruses and spread by Aedes mosquitoes that can lead to a severe flu-like illness. Recently, the US Food and Drug administration has approves a vaccine.
Mild dengue fever causes a high fever, rash, and muscle and joint pain. A severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue haemorrhagic fever, can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death.
Around 40% of the world’s population live in areas prone to the transmission of Dengue. That means around 2.5 billion people are at risk. The viral-disease is endemic in at least 100 countries in Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, Africa, and the Caribbean.
Here are the symptoms of Dengue:
Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite and typically last 3 to 10 days.
Mild dengue fever
Symptoms can appear up to 7 days and usually disappear a week after being bitten by the mosquito that carries the virus.
- Muscle, bone and joint Pain
- body rash that can disappear and then reappear
- high fever
- intense headache
- pain behind the eyes
- vomiting and Nausea
- Swollen glands
Dengue haemorrhagic fever
The symptoms of DHF may at first be mild but then intensify within a few days. Alongside symptoms of Mild Dengue, the infected person may also experience bleeding. It can be fatal if not treated properly.
- Bleeding from your gums or nose
- Blood in your urine, stools or vomit which might be cause by internal bleeding
- Bleeding under the skin, which might look like bruising but are small blood spots
- damage to lymph and blood vessels
- Decrease in platelet count
- Cold, clammy skin
- sensitive stomach and severe vomiting
- abdominal pain
- weak pulse
Dengue shock syndrome
This is very severe and can also result in fatality. The infected person experiences Mild Dengue Symptoms along with the following.
- heavy bleeding and blood vessels leaking fluid
- sudden hypotension, or a fast drop in blood pressure
- intense stomach pain
- regular vomiting