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Diseases

DENGUE- SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Dengue Fever is also known as Breakbone Fever and mostly occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is a mosquito-borne infection caused by four different viruses and spread by Aedes mosquitoes that can lead to a severe flu-like illness. Recently, the US Food and Drug administration has approves a vaccine.

Mild dengue fever causes a high fever, rash, and muscle and joint pain. A severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue haemorrhagic fever, can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death.

Around 40% of the world’s population live in areas prone to the transmission of Dengue. That means around 2.5 billion people are at risk. The viral-disease is endemic in at least 100 countries in Asia, the Pacific, the Americas, Africa, and the Caribbean.

Here are the symptoms of Dengue:

Symptoms usually begin 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite and typically last 3 to 10 days.

Mild dengue fever

Symptoms can appear up to 7 days and usually disappear a week after being bitten by the mosquito that carries the virus.

They include:

  • Muscle, bone and joint Pain
  • body rash that can disappear and then reappear
  • high fever
  • intense headache
  • pain behind the eyes
  • vomiting and Nausea
  • Swollen glands

Dengue haemorrhagic fever

The symptoms of DHF may at first be mild but then intensify within a few days. Alongside symptoms of Mild Dengue, the infected person may also experience bleeding. It can be fatal if not treated properly.

  • Bleeding from your gums or nose
  • Blood in your urine, stools or vomit which might be cause by internal bleeding
  • Bleeding under the skin, which might look like bruising but are small blood spots
  • damage to lymph and blood vessels
  • Decrease in platelet count
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • sensitive stomach and severe vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • weak pulse

Dengue shock syndrome

This is very severe and can also result in fatality. The infected person experiences Mild Dengue Symptoms along with the following.

  1. heavy bleeding and blood vessels leaking fluid
  2. disorientation
  3. sudden hypotension, or a fast drop in blood pressure
  4. intense stomach pain
  5. regular vomiting

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