Virtually speaking, cervical cancer could be eliminated within three decades.
How? It’s simple, really!
There’s a vaccine known as HPV or Human Papillomavirus which is growing at an exponentially fast rate.
Why is it so Important?
It has been predicted by a medical journal called The Lancet Oncology that without the application of this vaccination, most women will be affected by the disease.
Low and medium countries are affected the most y an estimation of 15 million deaths that accounts to two thirds of these cases.
In a statement, the author said, “This is a potential threshold for considering cervical cancer to be eliminated as a major public health problem,”
As of a report that came out last year, WHO or World Health organization reported the existence of the virus. Cervical cancer is very common disease. The Breast, Lung and Colon Cancer topped the charts
The study suggests that elimination of cervical cancer is possible globally. But to achieve this goal, cervical screening needs to increase and so does the high coverage of HPV vaccine.
HPV is transmitted sexually – 14 of the 100 types of virus that come under the category cause cancer. Not just cervical, but these cause cancer of the anus, vagina, vulva, and penis.
70% of cervical cancer cases are caused by 2 strains of HPV virus – types 16 and 18. These are the strains HPV vaccination is effective against.
The study suggests that at least 80% of girls between the ages of 12 to 15 years undergo screening twice in their lifetime, stating from the year 2020.
This would help reduce the prevalence of the disease in most countries like United States, Britain, Brazil, France, Canada and others. Mid income countries could take longer than better off countries. It could come as low as 4/100,000 women.