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Diseases

JAUNDICE IN ADULTS

Jaundice isn’t a disease but is an implication of one or several possible underlying illnesses. It is described by the yellowing of skin and the whites of the eyes. 

The colour of the skin and whites of the eyes will vary depending on levels of bilirubin Moderate levels lead to a yellow colour, while very high levels will appear brown. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is created by the breakdown of dead red blood cells in the liver. Normally, the liver gets rid of bilirubin along with old red blood cells.yelow eyes

Infants most commonly have jaundice but it is open to people of all ages and races.

Jaundice in adults is indicative of:

  1. alcohol misuse
  2. liver cancer
  3. thalassemia
  4. cirrhosis (scarring of the liver, usually due to alcohol)
  5. gallstones (cholesterol stones made of hardened fat material or pigment stones made of bilirubin)
  6. hepatitis A
  7. hepatitis B
  8. hepatitis C
  9. hepatitis D
  10. hepatitis E
  11. pancreatic cancer
  12. G6PD deficiency
  13. biliary (bile duct) obstruction
  14. sickle cell anaemia
  15. acute pancreatitis
  16. ABO incompatibility reaction
  17. drug-induced immune haemolytic anaemia
  18. yellow fever
  19. Weil’s disease
  20. other blood 
  21. an adverse reaction to or overdose of a medicationjaundice in babies

SYMPTOMS:

  1. a yellow tinge to the skin and the whites of the eyes, normally starting at the head and spreading down the body
  2. pale stools
  3. dark urine
  4. itchiness
  5. fatigue
  6. abdominal pain
  7. weight loss
  8. vomiting
  9. feverjaundice

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