World Autism Day is observed every year on April 2nd. This year marks the 12th celebration. The aim of the day is to raise awareness about Autism.
What is Autism?
Autism is a developmental disorder that impairs your ability to interact socially, have issues with developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviours. In medical terms, it is known as Autism Spectrum Disorder because of the range of symptoms it is characterized by.
This 2019, let us take a stand, spread awareness, and try to break social, environmental and psychological barriers that currently unfortunately define the life of autistic people.
Autism can be recognised soon after birth as symptoms of autism appear during first 3 years of life. Autism is said to be more common in boys than in girls. Most children are autistic since birth but some slip into the symptoms suddenly when they are 18 to 36 months old.
Types of Autism:
There are 4 types that come under the broad range of Autistic Spectrum disorder.
- Autistic disorder:
This type of autism is characterised by problems with communication and social interactions.
- Childhood disintegrative disorder:
Autism that affects children comes under this category. In this type of autism children develop normally for at least 2 years after which they then lose most of their communication and social skills. Childhood disintegrative disorder is quite rare.
- Asperger’s syndrome:
The social problems faced by children with Asperger’s syndrome are similar to those faced by autistic disorder. While they don’t face any problems with language, they have limited scope of interests and can score as much as average or above average students.
- Pervasive developmental disorder:
This is more un-defined but is similar to typical autism. This disorder is for children who experience some autistic behaviour but don’t fit into any of the above categories.