Anaemia is a condition that primarily affects women, children, and people with chronic diseases. It occurs when the blood lacks healthy red blood cells or has a low count of haemoglobin. This is because haemoglobin in the blood is a part of the Red Blood Cells and is responsible for binding oxygen. Lack of it will mean that the body doesn’t get enough oxygen.
Here are some important facts about Anaemia.
- Certain forms of Anaemia are hereditary and can be passed on to the off-spring.
- Women are more susceptible to being anaemic because they lose blood during the menstrual cycle. This also results in iron deficiencies.
- Older people or people suffering from chronic diseases have a poor diet and hence may be anaemic.
What causes Anaemia?
Anaemia can be temporary or long term, and it can range from mild to severe. There are several types of Anaemia, each with its own cause. The main causes are:
- Blood Loss
- Low Production of RBC’s
- Destruction of RBC’s
What are the symptoms of Anaemia?
- Pale Skin
- Irregular Heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Light-headedness or Dizziness
- Chest Pain
- Cold Body
- Leg cramps
How to Prevent Anaemia?
- Eat a vitamin rich diet or take Vitamin supplements: The few forms of anaemia that can be prevented are by consuming a vitamin rich diet. Iron, Folate, Vitamin B-12 and Vitamin C are important vitamins that have to be in your diet.
- Keep a track of family history and get genetic counselling if Anaemia is Hereditary.
When should you be worried?
- When the symptoms persist or worsen. If you feel out of breath or a rapid increase in heart beat, waste no time
- Very heavy menstrual period
- Unsatisfactory vitamin diet
- Hereditary of Anaemia
- Symptoms, of gastritis, ulcers, haemorrhoids etc.