The highly contagious disease, measles is reportedly making a comeback. The myths on the internet, lack of vaccination and many others are factors to be blamed for this.
What is Measles?
Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It is caused by the Rubeola virus. Unfortunately, Measles is the cause of innumerable deaths among young children around the world.
21 strains of the measles virus have been identified so far. The disease is endemic meaning it is found only in certain societies and people often form a resistance to it. However, if the strain of virus were to affect an unsuspecting community that has never before been infected, the outcome would be disastrous.
- Symptoms appear about 9- 15 days after infection and include the following:
- dry hacking cough
- runny nose
- Body Ache
- conjunctivitis, or swollen eyelids and inflamed eyes
- watery eyes
- photophobia, or sensitivity to light
- small grayish-white spots with bluish-white centers in the mouth, insides of cheeks, and throat called Koplik’s Spots
WHEN SHOULD YOU TAKE YOUR CHILD TO SEE A DOCTOR?
- Rashes and Fever are common in kids, so when should you take your child to see a doctor?
- If the symptoms keep getting worse
- If the parent suspects measles
- The fever is more than 100º Fahrenheit
The virus remains active for 2 hours on a non-living object.
- physical contact with an infected person
- air-borne transmission when an infected person coughs or sneezes
- indirect contact with places that are contaminated with mucous and later contacted with mouth, eyes or nose.
- Vaccination: 12-15 months after birth followed by a booster shot at 4 years.
- If already contracted, then the person is immune.
There is no specific treatment for measles. The symptoms of measles are treated which results in treatment of the disease. The symptoms usually persist for 6-10 days.
Keep the Children safe, folks!