A Myocardial Infarction or a heart attack is a medical emergency. It usually occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow to the heart. Without blood, the tissue loses oxygen and dies.
In India, there are more than 10 million cases per year, making it one of the most common ways to lose your life. India ranks highest in fatalities from heart attack. It’s about time we do something about it. Unlike movies, one doesn’t suddenly grab his or her chest while walking carefree down the road, collapse and die! Although, sometimes heart attacks do catch you off guard, more often than not, there are symptoms and signs that indicate the impending attack.
Some of the most common symptoms of heart attack involve tightness or pain in the chest, neck, back or arms, as well as fatigue, lightheadedness, abnormal heartbeat and anxiety. Women are more likely to have atypical symptoms than men.
Don’t wait to get help if you experience any of these heart attack warning signs. Most start slowly, with mild pain or discomfort. Pay attention to your body and seek help immediately if you experience any of the above symptoms.
Knowing how to deal with a heart attack is very crucial to saving your own or someone else’s life! Many heart attack patients die before they reach a hospital. The sooner the person gets to the emergency room, the better the chance of survival. Prompt medical treatment reduces the amount of heart damage. . Do not deny the symptoms or wait for it to go away. Do not self medicate. The first few hours are usually the most crucial.
If you think someone is having a heart attack:
- Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm.
- Loosen any tight clothing.
- Ask if the person takes any chest pain medicine, such as nitroglycerin, for a known heart condition, and help them take it.
- If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical help.
- If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, call your local emergency number then begin CPR.