People with Bipolar Disorder experience Mania, Depressive episodes or both together which is called the mixed state. Symptoms might not be the same for different people and differ according to mood. Here are the symptoms of each of them.
Mania or hypomania: Mania is the more severe form. Hypomania and mania refer to a “high” mood.
- Risky or unusual behaviour
- impaired judgment
- feeing ‘wired’ and being aggressively forthcoming
- Boredom and distraction
- Underperformance or lack of interest in otherwise stuff they would find interesting
- A feeling of invincibility or that they can do anything/ are at the top of the world
- Belief that everything is the way it should be
- excessive self-confidence, an inflated sense of self-esteem and self-importance
- Non-stop, speed talking and frequently changing topics
- Extreme sadness
- a feeling of gloom, blackness, despair, and hopelessness
- anxiety about trivial things
- Guilt about everything being their fault
- Extreme weight loss or weight gain/ changes in eating patterns
- Fatigue and general tiredness
- Inability to pay attention
- Unresponsiveness to medication for physical problems
- Suicidal tenancies
Children and teenagers with bipolar disorder are more likely to have temper tantrums, rapid mood changes, outbursts of aggression, explosive anger, and reckless behaviour.
Psychosis is a symptom of both manic and depressive episodes. There is an inability to distinguish between what is real and what is fantasy. Symptoms of psychosis may include delusions, which are false but strongly felt beliefs, and hallucinations, involving hearing or seeing things that are not there.
In fact, it could be as bad as believing they have super-powers or are famous or a high ranking official when they have an ‘high’ episode. But when they are in a ‘low’ or depressive episode, they may go as far as to believe that they have committed a serious crime or are all alone in the world, lonely and without any money or means to survive.