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Hypothyroidism is a condition where the body doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones.

The thyroid gland is a small, butterfly-shaped gland that sits near the base of your neck. Thyroid hormones help control your growth, repair and metabolism. As a result, people who suffer from hypothyroidism may experience tiredness, hair loss, weight gain, feeling cold, feeling down and many more symptoms.

Hypothyroidism affects 1 to 2% of people worldwide and is ten times more likely to affect women than men. Hypothyroidism occurs when levels of the two thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), are too low.

Your metabolism affects your temperature and how fast you burn calories. That’s why people with hypothyroidism often feel cold, fatigued and may gain weight easily.

Although changing your diet alone isn’t enough to restore normal thyroid hormone levels, a combination of the right nutrients and medication can help restore thyroid function and minimize your symptoms by improving your body’s absorption of these hormones.

The following Foods to avoid are a great place to start when you’re looking to make some changes in your diet. It generally helps in weight loss, reducing hair loss and managing depression, all by getting hypothyroidism under control.

Many common foods and supplements contain compounds that interfere with thyroid function. In general, it’s best to avoid the following:

1. Soy


Studies suggest soy-rich foods may inhibit the activity of an enzyme that makes thyroid hormones. One study found that women who consumed soy supplements were three times more likely to develop hypothyroidism.

2. Iodine-rich foods

Some forms of hypothyroidism are caused by a lack of sufficient iodine. In such cases, using iodized salt or iodine-enriched foods can be beneficial. But eating too much iodine can have the opposite effect and suppress thyroid gland activity.

3. Iron and calcium supplements

Iron and calcium supplements

Taking iron or calcium supplements can also change the effectiveness of many thyroid medications and that is a big no-no.

4. High-fiber foods

Too much fiber eaten right after taking thyroid medicines may interfere with their absorption. Wait two hours before you eat a high-fiber meal.

5. Certain vegetables

Certain vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables that are rich in fiber, like broccoli, cabbage, spinach, kale, and Brussels sprouts, may inhibit thyroid medication absorption. Reducing the amounts of such produce in the morning right after taking your medication may help.

6. Caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol

Caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol

Caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol can also influence the effectiveness of thyroid medicine. Try regulating your consumption or keeping it down to a minimal.

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