Your nails speak a lot about you. Which is why it is necessary to keep them at their best – white, clean and happy.
A fingernail is produced by living skin cells in the finger. A fingernail consists of several parts including the nail plate (the visible part of the nail), the nail bed (the skin beneath the nail plate), the cuticle (the tissue that overlaps the plate and rims the base of the nail), the nail folds (the skin folds that frame and support the nail on three sides), the lunula (the whitish half-moon at the base of the nail) and the matrix (the hidden part of the nail unit under the cuticle).
Fingernails grow from the matrix. The nails are composed largely of keratin, a hardened protein (that is also in skin and hair). As new cells grow in the matrix, the older cells are pushed out, compacted and take on the familiar flattened, hardened form of the fingernail.
The nails you can see are dead and have no feeling. However, a layer of skin under the nails, called the dermis, has sensory nerve endings. These send a signal to your brain when pressure is applied to your nails.
Fingernails grow about 3.5 millimeters each month
About 10 percent of all dermatological conditions are nail-related. Yellow, brown, or green nails usually mean you have a fungal infection. In some cases, yellow nails are a symptom of a thyroid condition, psoriasis, or diabetes.
Smoking can be a major cause of this, as well as fungal infections that cause the yellowing to take a brown tinge and have an unpleasant smell.
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are also a common cause of yellowing. If you are nice and healthy, however, it would be a lack of oxygen to the nails that causes this problem. Normally, that comes from using nail polish for an extended period of time, multi-layered and without breathing space.
In order to prevent this from happening, make sure that you allow for a 2-day rest before reapplying that nail polish again.
- Lemon Juice:A super easy homemade method to whiten the area underneath your nails is to soak your fingers in lemon juice. Squeeze two lemons in a mini bowl, put your fingertips in the bowl for approximately 10 minutes for the juice to sit into the area underneath your nails. Rinse your hands with warm water, then make sure to apply hand/nail cream.
- Hydrogen Peroxide:
A diluted solution of hydrogen peroxide works like magic to lighten and whiten nails. All you
need to do is create a soak. We assure you that it is the most effective stain remover in existence. Mix one spoon of it with 1 spoon of baking soda in a bowl of water and dip your hands in for about 10 minutes.
- Toothpaste: Another great way is to gently rub your fingertips and underneath your nails with a soft toothbrush that has some toothpaste on it. To whiten the area underneath your nails properly, leave the toothpaste to set it for 3 minutes, then rinse with warm water.
- Baking Soda:Mix one tablespoon of baking soda, one-half teaspoon of olive oil and one teaspoon of lemon juice to make a thick paste. Rub the mixture on your nails using a soft toothbrush. Leave it on for about five minutes, and then rinse it off with warm water. Repeat this remedy every two weeks
- White Vinegar:Vinegar is another mild acid capable of stripping away stain particles from hard surfaces. Make sure that you use white vinegar, however, since an apple cider vinegar, balsamic vinegar, or other colour vinegar could actually stain your nail in the process.