Let us know when is Makar Sankranti in 2020 and date and Muhurat of Makar Sankranti 2020. Makar Sankranti is a major festival in Hinduism. In various parts of India, this festival is celebrated according to local beliefs. It generally celebrated every year on 14 January. On this day, the sun turns Uttarayan, while the northern hemisphere turns towards the sun. According to astrological beliefs, on this day the Sun enters Capricorn.
Most Hindu festivals are counted by the almanac based on the moon, but Makar Sankranti is celebrated by counting the almanac based on the Sun. It is during the Makar Sankranti that the season changes. Autumn begins to fade and spring begins. As a result, the days become longer and the nights become shorter.
Importance of Makar Sankranti
Religious and cultural perspectives
Makar Sankranti is very important from religious and cultural point of view in India. According to mythological beliefs, on the day of Makar Sankranti, Sun God goes to the house of his son Shani. Since Saturn is the lord of Capricorn and Aquarius. Therefore, this festival also associated with the unique union of father and son.
According to another legend, Makar Sankranti also celebrated as the victory of Lord Vishnu over the demons. It said that on the day of Makar Sankranti, Lord Vishnu killed the demons on the earth and cut off their heads and buried them on Mount Mandra. Since then, this victory of Lord Vishnu began to be celebrated as Makar Sankranti festival.
It also celebrated with great pomp as the arrival of new crop and new season. In Punjab, UP, Bihar and Tamil Nadu, it is time to reap new crops, so farmers celebrate Makar Sankranti as a day of gratitude. The fruitful crop of wheat and paddy in the fields is the result of the hard work of the farmers but all this is possible with the blessings of God and nature. Makar Sankranti is celebrated as ‘Lohri’ in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. Makar Sankranti is celebrated as ‘Pongal’ in Tamil Nadu, while in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, it is celebrated as ‘Khichdi’. Khichdi is made somewhere on Makar Sankranti, then curd chuda and sesame laddus are made elsewhere.
It is believed that while the sun moves from east to south, during this time the rays of the sun are considered to be bad, but when the sun starts to travel from east to north, its rays increase health and peace. Because of this, saints and people who are associated with spiritual activities get peace and accomplishment. If it is said in simple terms, then the human progresses by forgetting the bitter experiences of the past. Lord Krishna himself has said in the Gita that, in the auspicious period of 6 months of Uttarayan, when the sun god is Uttarayan, then the earth is light, so by sacrificing the body in this light, man is not reborn and he Brahma receives. During the Mahabharata period Bhishma Pitamah who had the boon of euthanasia. He too sacrificed his body on the day of Makar Sankranti.
Festivals related to Makar Sankranti
During the Makar Sankranti in India, new crop arrives in the month of January. On this occasion, farmers celebrate this festival with pomp after harvesting the crop. It is celebrated by different names in every state of India.
Pongal is an important Hindu festival celebrated in South India, especially in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. It is especially a festival of farmers. After harvesting paddy on this occasion, people consider Pongal as a festival to express their happiness. The festival of Pongal is celebrated on the first date of the Tamil month called ‘Tai’ i.e. the middle of January. This festival lasting 3 days is dedicated to Surya and Indra Dev. Through Pongal, people show their gratitude to God for good rain, fertile land and better harvest. Garbage and garbage are lit on the first day of Pongal festival, Lakshmi is worshiped on the second day and animal wealth is worshiped on the third day.
Uttarayan is a festival celebrated especially in Gujarat. This festival is celebrated on 14 and 15 January on arrival of new crop and season. On this occasion, kites are flown in Gujarat as well as a kite festival is organized, which is famous all over the world. A fast is kept on the Uttarayan festival and a mill of sesame and groundnut is made.
Lohri is a festival especially celebrated in Punjab, which is celebrated with pomp on 13 January after harvesting of crops. On this occasion, Holika is lit in the evening and Sesame, Jaggery and Mecca Agni are offered as an offering.
Magha / Bhogali Bihu
Magh Bihu i.e. Bhogali Bihu festival is celebrated from the first day of the solstice of Magh month in Assam. On the occasion of Bhogali Bihu, food and drink is done with pomp. At this time, sesame, rice, cereal and sugarcane crops are good in Assam. In this way, many types of dishes and dishes are made and eaten and fed. Holika is also burnt on Bhogali Bihu and dishes made with sesame and cereal are dedicated to the fire god. On the occasion of Bhogali Bihu, a game called Tekeli Bhonga is played as well as a buffalo fight.
Traditions on Makar Sankranti
In Hinduism, every festival is incomplete without sweet dishes. There is a tradition of making laddus and other sweet dishes made of sesame and jaggery. Consumption of sesame and jaggery provides warmth to the body in cold weather and is beneficial for health. It is believed that by eating and feeding sweet dishes on the occasion of Makar Sankranti, there is a bit of bitterness in the relationship and every one we move forward in life with a positive energy. It is also said that eating sweet brings sweetness in speech and behavior and brings happiness in life. On the occasion of Makar Sankranti, sweets made of sesame and jaggery are distributed on reaching the house of Saturn, the son of Sun God.
Besides sweets of sesame and jaggery, there is a tradition of flying kites on the occasion of Makar Sankranti. Kite festival is organized during Makar Sankranti in many states of the country including Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. On this occasion, children do kite flying from big to large. The entire sky swells with colorful kites during kite betting.
Pilgrimage and Fair
Fairs are held in many cities of the country on the occasion of Makar Sankranti. Large fairs are organized especially in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and South India. On this occasion, lakhs of pilgrims bathe and donate and do religion on the banks of the Ganges and other sacred rivers. According to mythological beliefs, Lord Krishna himself has said that, the person who renounces the body on Makar Sankranti, attains salvation and is free from the cycle of life and death.