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Hindu marriage ceremony Rituals and Traditions, Explained

Weddings are a celebration of love and commitment, and can also be a celebration of the couple’s religion and culture. One such ceremony that you just won’t be therefore acquainted with? A Hindu marriage ceremony. whether you’re invited as a guest, attending as a member of the marriage party, or are merely curious, there are some of the Hindu wedding rituals and traditions you ought to expect to see.

1. The Wedding Date is Decided in the Stars

Stars decide the best date

Before the marriage, an auspicious time (known as the muhurta) is fixed for the event. using the bride and groom’s dates of birth, astrologists calculate the position of planets and stars to replicate the celestial union of the couple. throughout the ceremony, the gautra of both bride and groom (going back at least 3 generations) are announced. A gautra is the ancestral lineage or the ancestor’s original clan (this is not associated with caste or religion). In Hindu law, marriages should not occur among the same clan.

2. There’s a Pre-Party called the Sangeet a few Days Before the Marriage

A Sangeet ceremony

Prior to the actual the marriage, there is a pre-party referred to as the sangeet wherever family comes along to sing, dance and experience the joy of the upcoming union. relations even offer performances! The bride’s family sings a traditional folk song to the groom’s family to welcome them. The sangeet, that translates to “sung together,” takes place a some the mehendi ceremony that kicks off the marriage itself.

3. The Bride’s Hands and Feet Are Adorned with Henna Paint during a Mehendi Ceremony

A bride getting Henna paint

During the mehendi ceremony, that also takes place in Muslim weddings, henna is used to use intricate styles to the bride’s hands and feet. The mehndi ceremony sometimes takes place at some point before the wedding will be held, because the application can take hours.

4. The Couple Weds Underneath a Mandap

A Mandap

The wedding mandap could be a temporary structure made for the purpose of the wedding ceremony. it should seem on an elevated platform, and is adorned with something from flowers and greenery to fabric and crystals.

5. A Fire Burns in the Center of the Mandap

A Homam at wedding

In the center of the mandap, or wedding altar, a fire is ignited. A Hindu wedding is a sacrament, not a contract. to suggest the viability of the ceremony, fire is kept as a witness and offerings are created. The bride’s brother gives 3 fistfuls of puffed rice to the bride as a would like for his sister’s happy wedding. Each time, the bride offers the rice to the fire. This offering is known as a homam.

6. The Couple Exchanges Floral Garlands during the Jai Mala

A Couple Exchanges Floral Garlands during the Jai Mala

This is the a part of the ceremony throughout that the bride and groom exchange floral garlands. This expresses the will of the couple to marry each other. In the U.S., the ring ceremony typically follows.

7. The Father of the Bride Pours Water Through the Bride’s Hand As He gives Her Away


The moment the father gives the bride away is known as the kanyadaan. in the Hindu tradition, no man will claim a girl till she is obtainable. during the ceremony, the father of the bride places his daughter’s hands into the groom’s hands as a gesture of giving her away. the father of the bride can also pour water into the bride’s hand, which is able to flow through her fingers and into the hand of her groom.

8. The Bride and Groom’s Garments are Tied together as They Circle a fire


The saptapadi is a vital ritual in North Indian Hindu weddings. during the saptapadi, the bride and groom have their garments tied together. In South India, the couple walks seven steps along to signify their friendship. In North Indian tradition, they make seven circles around a ceremonial fireplace, every round signifying a selected blessing they request of the gods. the most significance of saptapadi is establishing friendly relationship, which is that the basis of a Hindu wedding.

9. Red Powder is Applied to the Bride’s Hair, Signifying She is Married

Sindoor at wedding

Sindoor, a red-orange powder, is applied to the a part of a woman’s hair, symbolizes her new status as a better half and is applied to her hair during the ceremony.

10. The Bride Wears a Red Dress

A Bride in Red Dress

The bride’s clothes will be red (also the case for Muslim brides). In Indian culture, red symbolizes the rising sun, prosperity and fertility.

11. Hindu Wedding Rituals Begin with a Prayer to Ganesha

Lord Ganesha

The ceremony begins with a prayer to Ganesha, the god of beginnings and success and the remover of obstacles. Salutations are offered so Ganesha could pave the way for the couple’s married life.

12. Cords Are Tied to the Wrists of the Bride and Groom throughout Raksha Bandhan

Bride and Bridegroom

Cords are tied to the wrists of each the bride and the groom. wedding is taken into account to be associate degree arduous stage in life, and also the cords are meant as protection.

13. The Groom Adorns the Bride with a Necklace called the Mangala sutra

Mangalsutra ceremony

The groom places a jewellery of black and gold beads on the bride. traditionally, Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity, is invoked within the mangala sutra and also the bride is said to receive blessings throughout her wedding.

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