Punya Kaal Muhurta = 07:19 to 12:30
Duration = 5 Hours 11 Mins
Sankranti Moment = 20:05 on 14th, January
Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta = 07:19 to 09:02
Duration = 1 Hour 43 Mins
The time between Makar Sankranti and 40 Ghatis (roughly 16 hours for Indian locations if we consider one Ghati duration as 24 minutes) from the time of Makar Sankranti is considered good for auspicious work. This period of forty Ghatis is known as Punya Kaal. Sankranti activities, like taking bath, giving Naivedhya (food offered to deity) to Lord Surya, giving charity or Dakshina, performing Shraddha rituals and breaking fast or Parana, should be done during Punya Kaal.
If Makar Sankranti happens after Sunset then all Punya Kaal activities are delayed till next day Sunrise. Therefore all Punya Kaal activities should be done in day time.
DrikPanchang.com suggests Sankranti Muhurta which falls between Makar Sankranti moment and 40 Ghatis from it. We list this time as Punya Kaal Muhurta. Our Holy criptures recommend that five Ghatis duration after Sunrise (if Sankranti happens after Sunset on previous day) and one Ghati duration after Sankranti moment (if Sankranti happens in day time) are extremely auspicious. If this Muhurta is available we list it as Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta. Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta, if available, should be preferred over Punya Kaal Muhurta.
In Tamil Nadu Makar Sankranti or Sankranthi is known as Pongal. In Gujarat and Rajasthan Makar Sankranti is known as Uttarayana. In Haryana and Punjab Makar Sankranti is known as Maghi.
Sankranti Punya Kaal is different for all cities. Therefore it’s necessary to set your location 1st before noting down Sankranti Muhurta.