This Endometriosis awareness month, take a pledge to not suffer in silence or let others suffer in silence.
Endometriosis is a very common condition in women of menstrual age where pieces of tissue from the inner uterine lining get implanted outside the womb. They could appear in the ovaries, fallopian tube, abdominal lining, around the bladder or the bowel. During the regular menstrual cycle, these cells also react and bleed every month.
Symptoms include an almost unbearable period pain, chronic pain in the lower stomach and the back, really heavy period flow, pain during and after sexual intercourse, trouble getting pregnant, tiredness. All this can result in depression, anxiety and withdrawal. They also lead to difficulty in performing regular daily activities.
It is not completely curable but there are treatments that include hormone medicines and contraceptives; even surgery can be performed under extreme conditions either to remove parts of the endometriosis tissue or an operation to remove parts of the organs affected.
Some studies have also indicated that women with endometriosis develop an increased risk for certain types of ovarian cancer, known as epithelial ovarian cancer or EOC. Women with both endometriosis and primary infertility i.e those who have never conceived or got pregnant are the most susceptible. The use of combination oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), which are sometimes used in the treatment of endometriosis, appears to significantly reduce this risk.
The theories for this association between epithelial ovarian cancer and endometriosis aren’t clear or understandable. One reason could be the endometriosis implants undergoing malignant transformation to cancer. Another reason could be that the presence of endometriosis may be related to other genetic or environmental factors that serve to increase a women’s risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Now, you know why you should never keep quiet but speak out!